Following the Ancient Carian Paths
There are more than 7 ancient Carian routes on and around the peninsula. Splash in the Aegean Sea, then relax over a spread of Turkish specialties. Walk along inlets marking the shore of the neighboring Bodrum Peninsula. Veer away from the beach to enter a forest cloaking the hilly coastal range. Investigate the well-preserved castle and remains of Carian settlement in Pedasa or Kirel. An easygoing walk past olive groves and vineyards takes you through forested hills down to the Aegean. Dip your toes in the sea or climb to traditional hamlets. Visit the Sanctuary of Zeus Labraundos. One of the first temples built along the Aegean. The ancient site of Labraunda is quite stretched out and at 600 meters above sea level, offers impressive panoramic views. Visit beautiful villages along the road full of olive trees , and meet the locals. And last at not least The grave of Mausolus, The Mausoleum and the Crusaders castle of St. Peter. Our Walks. 5 or 6 days . Hikes between 13 to 16 km.
1.Day arrival check in to Zeytinada Hotel. Info meeting after lunch.
2.Day. Dagbelen - Pedesa - Bodrum
This route starts from Dagbelen . Then through ancient paths to Karadag mountain with its ancinet fortress walls. Then to the abandoned village of Kirel. Level of difficulty: Medium Start 283m. Max 500m Gain 220m. Total distance 15km. Features: The path leads through natural beauties to the ancient settlement of Girel with a old Greek houses. There are panoramic views from the top of mountain almost 360 degrees. Then we will go through mountain paths to ancient Pedesa where we will visit the Acropolis. And then we will walk to Bodrum.
3.Day: Ancient Kings Road
Labranda After an one and half hour drive the walk begins at The Temple of Zeus. After visiting the ancient site for an hour we will follow the Kings Road Path to Kircağiz village Start 635m Max 650m Gain 70m Total Distance 15km
4.Day Yenikoy – Etrim Village .The walk begins at Mumcular plateau and goes through forest pads and villages full of olive trees and figs..We will stop for olive tasting and at the end taste some Turkish dishes and see the locals weaving in Etrim village famous for it's hand made carpets. Start 97m Max 209m Gain 317m Total Distance 15km
5. Day Free Day
On request we can visit Ephesus on this free day. We will make our way to Ephesus which was one of the most important cultural centers of the ancient world. We will visit the Ephesus ruins, Odeon, Celcus Library and the Theatre which is still in use today for concerts and has an amazing capacity of 25, 000. As we walk through this ancient site you will notice the streets paved with marble which gives a hint to this city's great wealth many years ago. After lunch break we ll stop at the Artemis temple and Isabey Mosque. (ON REQUEST) After visiting the museum we can go to Virgin Mary's House. After our historical visit we will have a short stop at the famous Ottoman handmade pottery workshop (cini).
5. Alternative Day Bodrum Panorama Walk
This route starts from Kizilagac village just outside of Bodrum City. Then through ancient paths to Kaletepesi mountain with its ancient graves and ruins and the most beautiful views of Bodrum. Then over the hills to to Bodrum City. Level of difficulty: Medium Start 92m. Max 349m Gain 341m. Total distance 12km
6. Day Kizilagac – Guvercinlik
We will walk through forrest roads and follow the coastline from above with beautiful views. . Level of difficulty: Medium Start 92m. Max 341m Gain 646m. Total distance 12km
7.Day Feslegen - Bozalan
The walk begins at Feslegen plateau and goes through forest pads to the top of the cliff looking down to Gokova bay where you can see te ruins of an old Carian settlement.Then continues along the ancient lelegian paths down to Bozdogan village famous for it's hand made carpets. Start 500m Max 701m Up 209m Down 579m Total Distance 14km
8.Transfer to airport
We recommend wearing walking boots on all our walks, as these provide the best ankle support and grip. Windproof/waterproof jacket (with hood) and waterproof trousers – these are essential at all times of the year. Shorts and Tshirts - lightweight wicking materials are best. Warm fleece & trousers Sun protection – hat, sunglasses and sun cream.
Clothing: Fleece or other purpose designed synthetic tops give good lightweight insulation and nylon or cotton trousers can provide unrestricted movement. A layering system is better than one thick top. Lightweight hat and gloves
Rucksack: this needs to be large enough to carry your picnic lunch, drink, waterproofs and spare clothing. A size of 25-30 litres is probably best. A waterproof liner as well as a rucksack cover will keep the contents dry should you be unlucky enough to encounter any rain. Water bottle: a size of at least 2 litres is recommended.
Sun protection: high factor sun screen and lip salve Personal First Aid Kit: containing for example plasters, insect, repellent, antiseptic wipes, painkillers, blister kit, tape and personal medication.
Camera/binoculars – your choice. Trekking poles - many people find these aid balance and take some of the strain off their knees during steeper descents
Heraclea at Latmus or simply Heraclea or Herakleia (Ἡράκλεια), also translated as Heracleia, was a town on the confines between ancient Caria and Ionia, situated at the western foot of Mount Latmus on the Gulf of Latmus, which has since silted up. During the Hellenistic period it bore the name Pleistarcheia, probably after Pleistarchus. It was a small place in the south-east of Miletus, and south-west of Amyzon. In its neighbourhood a cave was shown with the tomb of Endymion. Ruins of this town still exist at the foot of mount Latmus on the borders of Lake Bafa, which is probably a portion of the ancient Sinus Latmicus, formed by the deposits of the river Maeander. The place must have Christianised early as an early bishopric is attested. No longer a residential see, it remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church. Its site is co-located with the village of Kapıkırı, Asiatic Turkey.
Labraunda is an ancient archaeological site five kilometers west of Ortakoy, Mugla Province, Turkey, in the mountains near the coast of Caria. In ancient times, it was held sacred by Carians and Mysians alike. The site amid its sacred plane trees was enriched in the Hellenistic style by the Hecatomnid dynasty of Mausolus, satrap (and virtual king) of Persian Caria (c. 377 – 352 BCE), and also later by his successor and brother Idrieus; Labranda was the dynasty's ancestral sacred shrine. The prosperity of a rapidly hellenised Caria occurred in the during the 4th century BCE. Remains of Hellenistic houses and streets can still be traced, and there are numerous inscriptions. The cult icon here was a local Zeus Labrandeus (Ζεὺς Λαβρανδεύς), a standing Zeus with the tall lotus-tipped scepter upright in his left hand and the double-headed axe, the labrys, over his right shoulder. The cult statue was the gift of the founder of the dynasty, Hecatomnus himself, recorded in a surviving inscription.[ In the 3rd century BCE, with the fall of the Hecatomnids, Labraunda passed into the control of Mylasa. The site was later occupied without discontinuity until the mid Byzantine period.
Pedasa is in the valley pass where the mountain ranges of the peninsula end, at a place called Gokceler, 4 km north of Bodrum. The word pedasa is found in the Luwi language dating back to 2000B.C.. Prof. Bilge Umar pointed out that this word means "plenty of water". It was learned from the Iliada epic that there was a city with the same name in the Troas region. Herodotos gave some information about this city. According to this, if the nuns grew beards in the temple belonging to a goddess who was equated with Athena in Pedasa made the thought that the people living here would encounter a bad event. Strabon states that the Lelegs lived in Pedasa and that they proliferated in a short time and not only captured the lands extending to Myndos and Bargylia, but also a large part of Pisidia. In the following years, when they went on the Greek expedition with the Carians, they stayed there and their lineage disappeared. B.C. In 547, when the Persians ended the Lydian kingdom, they marched on to Caria where they met reistance by the preople of Pedasa. In addition, in the 5th century BC, Pedasa's name was mentioned among the contributions paid to the Delos Marine Union. B.C. Pedasa was one of the six leleg cities that Mausollos forced to migrate to Halicarnassus in the 4th century. The pottery found during the surveys carried out at the location of Pedasa showed that the people of Pedasa did not leave their cities for a while after this migration. Although there was not enough archaeological research in Pedasa, the findings showed that the city had a circular plan surrounded by walls. Some ruins indicate that the city was supported by terrace walls due to its land location and that there were Leleg tombs and pottery pieces on the slopes.
Syangela is located on the Gulf of Gokova side of the peninsula, 10 km from Bodrum. Syangela-Souagele city ruins are located on the top of the hill above Alazeytin district in Çiftlik Village to the south-east. At the end of the neighborhood, the hill, where the ruins are found, is reached by a 20-minute walk through the olive groves. The ruins that have reached today are walls, houses and other structures. Gokova Gulf and Orak Island can be seen from the hill. Souagela is a word in Luwi language and understood to mean "The Road to the Mother Goddess". This word was Hellenized and used as "Goddess Gateway." This is a Lelegian city, and it is BC It is thought to have been founded in 2000. However, we do not have sufficient information about its history. M.ÖV. IV. In the 16th century, Mausollos forced the people of Lelegian cities around Halicarnassos such as Pedasa, Telmessos, Termera, Madnasa, Sibda, Ouranion to migrate to Halicarnassos. He did not put pressure on Souagele in this regard, he was content with only changing their location. Only the city walls and some bastions have survived from Souagele to the present day. These are made up of broken and unworked stones seen on all Lelegian walls. The presence of some building traces is also noteworthy due to the lack of sufficient research in the area surrounded by them. 2. Thaengela, which Mausolos set up to settle the people of Syangela, is on the hill 1.5 km above Etrim village, the neighborhood of Pınarlıbelen village on the Mumcular-Bodrum road.